DVD-R and DVD-RW are two different types of digital versatile discs developed by the Pioneer corporation. In this Techspirited article, I compare these two kinds of optical discs.
Techspirited Staff
Digital versatile discs (DVDs) are the most ubiquitously used storage media all over the world for storing movies, music and all types of digital data. Though the arrival of USB flash drives has reduced the usage of DVDs as a portable storage solution, they still remain the most popular media for distribution of movies and music in the entertainment industry. There are many DVD formats out there for you to choose from.
What is a DVD-R Disc?
Developed by Pioneer corporation, DVD-R is a recordable optical disc format, released in 1997. Compared to a compact disc, a this disk type can store more data because of the smaller wavelength (640 nm) laser used to create pits on a thin dye coated surface. Any such disk is made up of two sandwiched 0.6 mm thick layers of acrylic, with one layer coated with a photosensitive dye. As you write a disk using a DVD writer, the laser makes pits in the spiral grooves. That's how data gets recorded on a disk.
These disks come in two types - single layer and dual layer. Single layer disks offer a maximum storage capacity of 4.7 GB, while dual layer ones offer 8.5 GB of storage. These disks also come with variable write speeds, ranging from 16x to 24x. Higher the speed rating, faster is the rate at which data can be written. Once written, the data on the disk cannot be erased. Some of the best DVD-R brands are Sony, Verbatim, Memorex and Maxell.
What is a DVD-RW Disc?
DVD-RW disks are the rewritable counterparts of DVD-R disks. Developed and released two years after the launch of DVD-R disks, these disks are coated with a special metal alloy, which can switch back and forth between two crystalline states, according to laser beam incidence, making it possible to write and erase data written on it. Hence data can be written and erased on a DVD-RW disk hundreds of times. DVD-RW disks also come with varying write speeds, which determine the rate at which data can be written or read off them. According to storage capacity, these disks come in two varieties- a mini 1.46 GB disk and a 4.7 GB disk. These type of DVDs were the default choice for temporary storage for most, until the arrival of USB flash drives, after which their market share has marginally declined.
So how are the two DVD formats different? The obvious distinction between the two is that DVD-R disks can be used only once, while DVD-RW disks can be used repeatedly to store data. DVD-RW disks can be written, erased and rewritten at least a thousand times. While organic dyes are used in the manufacturing of DVD-R disks, DVD-RW disks have special phase changing alloy coating. Cost wise, DVD-RW disks cost more due to the special alloy metal used in their manufacturing and the multiple write functionality.
To summarize, you should opt for A DVD-R disc when writing your data permanently, while DVD-RW can be used to temporarily store data. Having personally used DVD-R disks for writing and storing several gigabytes of data, I can vouch for this storage medium as one of the most reliable ones in the electronic market. DVD-RW discs can be used to store any type of data temporarily. They cost more than the DVD-R variety, but then they can also be rewritten several times, offering substantially more service life. Keep a box of DVD-R and a couple of DVD-RW disks at home or in your office. They always come in handy, when you need to store and transfer data!