Artificial intelligence is the science and engineering of designing intelligent machines. The introduction of an artificial intelligence into machines will enable them to think. It might make them capable of learning and reasoning. There are bright chances that intelligent machines will be able to perform critical tasks. We might be able to employ them for dangerous missions, thus minimizing the risk to human life. But there is another side to artificial intelligence. Let's look at it.
Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence
If robots start replacing human resources in every field, we will have to deal with serious issues like unemployment in turn leading to mental depression, poverty and crime in the society. Human beings deprived of their work life may not find any means to channelize their energies and harness their expertise. Human beings will be left with empty time.
Secondly, replacing human beings with robots in every field may not be a right decision to make. There are many jobs that require the human touch. Intelligent machines will surely not be able to substitute for the caring behavior of hospital nurses or the promising voice of a doctor. Intelligent machines may not be the right choice for customer service.
One of the major disadvantages of intelligent machines is that they cannot be 'human'. We might be able to make them think. But will we be able to make them feel? Intelligent machines will definitely be able to work for long hours. But will they do it with dedication? Will they work with devotion? How will intelligent machines work wholeheartedly when they don't have a heart? (!)
Apart from these concerns, there are chances that intelligent machines overpower human beings. Machines may enslave human beings and start ruling the world. Imagine artificial intelligence taking over human intellect! The picture is definitely not rosy.
Some thinkers consider it ethically wrong to create artificial intelligent machines. According to them, intelligence is God's gift to mankind. It is not correct to even try to recreate intelligence. It is against ethics to create replicas of human beings. Don't you also think so?